Gonen 82 km (80 mile) far to Balikesir. Gönen is a district of Balikesir Province of Turkey, located in the southern part of Marmara Sea. The town is mostly known for its therapeutic hot springs, leather processing and rice production. The mayor is Hüseyin Yakar (AKP).

The town is surrounded by Bandirma in the northeast, Biga and Yenice in the west, Marmara Sea and Gulf of Erdek and Balya in the south. Elevation is 33 m from sea level.

The oldest known name of the town is Asepsus. This was also the name of the brook, that flows next to the city center. Research shows that the subsequent name was Artemea, a derivation of Artemis

After the acquisition of Gonen by Ottoman Empire, the name Gonen was used. The etymological source of that name is still disputed.

Also, some sources indicate that there was a nomadic tribe of the “Yorukan community” bearing the name “Gonen”,”Gonan” or “Gonenlu”. The tribe was loosely based around Adana and Maras.

According to Evliya Celebi’s Seyahatname (In which he collected the notes of his journeys), Gonen was used by the governors of Bursa as a summer holiday location, where they enjoyed the therapeutic uses of the hot springs.

On 18 March 1953, Gonen suffered a devastating 7.3 earthquake which left 50 dead in Gonen and hundreds of buildings damaged. A previous devastating earthquake had occurred here in 1440 AD.

According to, the census that took place in 2010, the population is 43,802. This data includes, the town center and nearby villages within the virtual borderline drawn by branches of Gonen Brook. The total population, including Sarikoy and all 89 villages, is 73407. The population distribution is mostly linear, as most villages are located in between the borders of the valley. However, population density noticeably decreases in more steep areas.

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