Ergani is 59 km (36 mile) far to Diyarbakir . Ergani formerly known as Arghni or Arghana, is a district of Diyarbakir Province of Turkey. The mayor is Fesih Yalcin (BDP).

Near the village of Sesverenpinar, among the Hilar rocks Cayonu hill was first settled in c. 7500 BC, and was continuously inhabited until 5000 BC (but only occasionally since then). Remains have been found from the earlier habitation, one of the most important archaeological finds of its era. We can see evidence of an early city from the Neolithic period, when nomadic hunter-gatherers began to settle in one place. Excavation of Cayonu, one of the largest and best-preserved sites of its kind was begun in 1963 by Istanbul University and the University of Chicago and continues today.

Place names first mentioned as Arkni/Argni in Armenian archives. Trade has flourished between Ergani and Mesopotamia during the third millennium BC. Ergani mines used to ship copper to the early settlements at Uruk of southern Iraq. The Euphrates river connected Ergani and Uruk. Vessels of the day could easily float several tons of copper downstream to Uruk in a few weeks, the transport of hundred of tons of grain back to Anatolia was challenging. Later Mesopotamian civilizations took advantage of the more favorably placed Persian Gulf mineral resources.

District’s area is 1489 km. Ergani District is located in the administrative as the Southeastern Anatolia Region, but as a geographical region are located in the Eastern Anatolia. Connected to the north of Elazig Province Mining District, east of the Tigris in the town of Diyarbakir province, and is connected to Diyarbakir, the south is connected to the Siverek town of Urfa, Diyarbakir connected to the west is the border with Çermik and Cungus district. Height is 955 meters from the sea. The main flow of the Tigris river water, tea Straits, Camel is a gateway. district 10 km north of the river passes through the districts of the Tigris River. Kalender and 17th districts of the territory After flowing through the Tigris enters km of land. 7 km west of the Bosphorus strait Ergani tea is off the neighborhood. yolköprü, Beaded, splayed hill villages and camel through the gateway into and form a branch of the Tigris Ergani quite productive resources of the environment has. 5–6 m depth in the center of the county out of the water, such as 50-meter drilling work is found in very rich beds. Ergani’s largest copper and chromium mines in front are nearby.

19 In the middle of the century Ergani sancak center, so important copper mining operation has been moved to the mining town. 19. century by a managing director and 11 were kaymakam mutasarrıf 3. District is a very old settlement with the East Anatolian culture has plasticity. However, until this day the ruins of a tower could come. Ergani fortress, Ergani near Mount kolat a debris slope. Whose side are made of the castle to a recording of not founded. Castle in detail in Evliya Celebi’s travel has been taken up. 19th as the Ottoman period structure century mansion outside the Ergani 3 mosques in the municipality, 10 mosques, 3 Armenian churches, 1 Protestant chapel, 3 Khan, 3 baths, fountains were 30. This structure was built in 1891 and the host government. Tourism can be restored to the old government house can win.

Ethnic Structure of the Ergani consists of a large section of Kurdish people. Approximately 92% of the population of Kurdish, 6% Zazaki (Dimilî) and 2% Turkish. The mainly spoken language is Kurdish (Kurmancî and Zazaki (Dimilî).

We Recommend  : Kairos Travel  |  Unlu Hotel | Captivating Cappadocia
Did you like this? Share it: