Derinkuyu is 18 miles away from Nevsehir. Derinkuyu hosts the huge underground settlement built in the 8th – 7th century BC by the Phrygians. Derinkuyu largest excavated underground city in Turkey, and excavations are still going on.

Derinkuyu is notable for its large multi-level underground city , which is a major tourist attraction. The historical region of Cappadocia, where Derinkuyu is situated, contains several historical underground cities, carved out of a unique geological formation. They are not generally occupied. Over 200 underground cities at least two levels deep have been discovered in the area between Kayseri and Nevşehir, with around 40 of those having at least three levels. The troglodyte cities at Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı are two of the best examples of underground dwellings.

Derinkuyu was first discovered in 1963 when a cave wall was opened revealing a passage way to an underground city thousands of years old and more than 280 feet deep. The underground city at Derinkuyu could be closed from the inside with 1,000 pound stone doors which can only be opened and leveraged from the inside.

The complex has a total 13 stories which go deep into the ground, with ventilation shafts – small ventilation shafts that bring air to even the deepest levels. The large 55 m ventilation shaft appears to have been used as a well. The shaft also provided water to both the villagers above and, if the outside world was not accessible, to those in hiding.

Each floor could be closed off separately. The city could accommodate between approximately 30,000 people and had all the usual amenities found in other underground complexes across Cappadocia, such as wine and oil presses, stables, cellars, storage rooms, refectories, and chapels. Between the third and fourth levels is a vertical staircase. This passage way leads to a cruciform church on the lowest level.

There is one good hotel in Derinkuyu called Unfa hotel

We Recommend  : Kairos Travel  |  Unlu Hotel | Captivating Cappadocia
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