Cankaya 15 km (9 mile) far to centrum Ankara. Cankaya is the central metropolitan district of the city of Ankara, the capital of Turkey, and an administrative district of Ankara Province. According to the 2000 census, the population of the district was 769,331; of which 758,490 live in the urban center of Cankaya (which swells up to 2 million or more people during the day.) The district covers an area of 268 km2 (103 sq mi), and the urban center lies at an average elevation of 986 m (3,235 ft).

The President of the Republic of Turkey resides here, in the “Cankaya Kosku” presidential compound. The area is also home to many of the capital’s embassies, government departments and best-known landmarks. Cankaya is the heart of the city, a fashionable business and cultural centre as well as the centre of government.

In general terms, history of Cankaya has started with the foundation of Republic and modernization movement of Turkey. Until the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, Cankaya was a hillside of orchards and gardens to the south of the city, which had grown up in time, surrounding the Ankara Castle (Kale) on the opposite hill.

Everything changed in the 1920s when Mustafa Kemal Atatürk came to stay in one of the garden houses. The enthusiasm and support of the Ankara citizens towards national indecency movement and foundation of Republic has changed Ankara’s destiny. Ankara was selected as capital of the new Republic and in the 1920s and 30s the city quickly grew, especially in the direction of Çankaya. In 1934 the writer Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu described the area as “a wooden bridge, a dirt road, and when you come round the hill you see a hillside, green in gentle contours. That’s Cankaya.” Cankaya eventually developed into one of the largest central districts of Ankara in later years.

After the declaration of Ankara as the new capital city of Turkey, foreign embassies had moved to Cankaya from İstanbul. High immigrations from other cities and rural areas and state buildings of the newly founded Republic completely changed the structure of the city. Moreover, first modern planning of the city, designed by Hermann Jansen pointed out that Cankaya would be the city center with new state offices, embassies, cultural facilities, recreational areas and education buildings. Nevertheless Yenişehir and Atatürk Boulevard had filled with modern institutions and other social and cultural units, exceeded to Sakarya and Izmir Streets.

After 1950, Ankara had gained dense immigrations from rural areas. Unfortunately, Cankaya is the most affected district from these immigrations. Despite the squatter settlements, Cankaya also had a great amount of high quality modern buildings, built after 1950s.

Cankaya became a district on June 9th of 1936. Golbasi and Elmadag, which were peripheral community districts by the time, became sub-districts of Cankaya. After a while, Kayas, Cebeci, Bahcelievler and Dikmen were also connected to Cankaya in 1960. Mamak and Golbasi had separated from Cankaya and became separate districts on November 30, 1983.

Today, Çankaya has 17 zones, 104 neighborhoods and 3 villages. According to 2000 population census, Çankaya has a population of 765 354. But the difference of Çankaya from other districts is that it has approximately 2 million population during the day time, because many of the significant cultural, political and commercial institutions are located in Çankaya. Çankaya also hosts most of the state offices and ministries, including Grand National Assembly.

Çankaya has always been the most prestigious and attractive district of Ankara during the Republican period. Presidential Palace, Turkish Grand National Assembly, Prime Ministry, Military Departments (Directory of the General Staff, Infantry Command, Air Force Command, Department of Navy and Gendarmerie Headquarters), ministries, public organizations and institutions, embassies, significant commercial, cultural and social centers are all located in Çankaya district.

We Recommend  : Kairos Travel  |  Unlu Hotel | Captivating Cappadocia
Did you like this? Share it: