Alanya 138 km (85 mile) away from Antalya center. Alanya is a holiday resort city and a component district of Antalya Province in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey. The population is almost entirely of Turkish origin, but is also home to around 10,000 European residents. Because of its natural strategic position on a small peninsula into the Mediterranean Sea, below the Taurus Mountains, Alanya has been a local stronghold for many Mediterranean-based empires, including the Ptolemaic, Seleucid, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires. Alanya’s greatest political importance came in the Middle Ages, with the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm under the rule of Alaeddin Kayqubad I, from whom the city derives its name. His building campaign resulted in many of the city’s landmarks, such as the Kızıl Kule (Red Tower), Tersane (Shipyard), and Alanya Castle. Alanya has a typical Mediterranean climate. The Mediterranean Basin ensures that most rain comes during the winter, leaving the summers long, hot, and dry. The presence of the Taurus Mountains in close proximity to the sea causes fog which causes visible rainbows many mornings. The height of the mountains creates an interesting effect as snow can often be seen on them even on hot days in the city below.

The Mediterranean climate, natural attractions, and historic heritage makes Alanya a popular destination for tourism. It is responsible for nine percent of Turkey’s tourism sector and thirty percent of foreign purchases of real estate in Turkey. Located on the Gulf of Antalya on the Anatolian coastal plain of Pamphylia, the town is situated between the Taurus Mountains to the north and the Mediterranean Sea, and is part of the Turkish Riviera, occupying roughly 70 kilometres or 43 miles of coastline. From west to east, the Alanya district is bordered by the Manavgat district along the coast, the mountainous Gundogmus inland, Hadim and Taskent in the Province of Konya, Sariveliler in the Province of Karaman, and the coastal Gazipasa district. Manavgat is home to the ancient cities of Side and Selge. The town is divided east–west by a rocky peninsula, which is the distinctive feature of the city. The harbor, city center, and Keykubat Beach, named after the Sultan Kayqubad I, are on the east side of the peninsula. Damlatas Beach, named for the famous “dripping caves”, and Cleopatra Beach are to the west. Ataturk Bulvari, the main boulevard, runs parallel to the sea and divides the southern and much more touristic side of Alanya from the northern more indigenous side that extends north into the mountains. Cevre Yolu Caddesi, another major road, encircles the main town to the north.

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