For centuries Turkish hammam continues to exist as one of the major components of the Ottoman and Turkish hammam culture with its pestemal, rubber, large and bright dome and unique architectural beauty.
Hammam that was built with the purpose of the water use for health is not only a cleaning place for Turks. Turkish hammam is also health and entertainment center where people having social activities.

Turkish hammam is the home of the tradition of physical and spiritual purification. The body and skin is cleaned and they are purified from toxins, the blood circulation increases, immune system is stimulated so that the physical and mental system is supported with Turkish bath.
With these features, Turkish hammam is also center of attraction for the people from other countries who visited Turkey.

History of hammam and architecture of the Turkish Hammam is the special branche of science and art to be examined as meticulously. The Haseki Hurrem Turkish Hammam, The Tiled Turkish Bath, The Cemberlitas Istanbul Hammam, The Cagaloglu Turkish Hammam, The Kilic Ali Pasha Istanbul Hammam, The Galatasaray Istanbul Hammam, Grand Hammam and The Suleymaniye Hammam -which have been restored in accordance with the original buildings-, are the most beautiful examples of the construction of large domed Turkish hammam. At the same time these are the best Istanbul Hammams.

There are number of accessories that specific to the Istanbul Turkish bath and are still used in. The bath gloves that made of palm root and the Turkish work of pestemals are the most indispensables of them. Also the pumice stone which, used to rub the feet is always available in the hammam package. Inlaid copper, silver or brass bath bowl is one of the most beautiful examples of handwork.
The attendant to wash the customers is called as rubber (tellak). Bath gloves and pestemals are the fixtures of the hammam that used by the rubbers. In the old days, rubbers weren’t using the same type and color of pestemals with the customers. They were using a black silk pestemal called as futa. Customers were wrapping pestemals in color. Nowadays in both customers and rubbers use the red striped peshtemal on the cream-colored or yellow ground. Rowdy (kulhanbeyi) was the star of the hammam culture. Narrowly molded and maroon colored fez, dark pants, light-colored shirt, vest, a jacket on the shoulder was the classic dressing style of the rowdy. Formerly, the assistant of the stoker (working in the boiler room of a Turkish bath) was called as rowdy (kulhanbeyi). The job of this person was making a fire to warm up the bath and supplying the necessary equipment. The rowdy character was used in many work of Turkish literature. In these days, this adjective is only used for hoodlums.
Turkish baths are spacious and bright places.However, the use of continuous hot water and the ambient temperature of 35-45 centigrade degrees create an environment of high humidity.
This ambient raises the body temperature and activates all the organs such as expending a great energy. This change is very useful for the human body. Rubbing the body by the bath glove (after staying at the high-humidity environment for a long time), accelerates the skin renewal by removing the dead skin cells on the ectoderm. This process keeps the skin fresh.
Doctors have been explaining the positive effects of sweating on the human health for centuries. Sweating is as important as the breathing for the body. A person sweats in the historical Turkish bath approximately 1,5 liters within 15 minutes. Sweating to this extent helps the kidneys. Toxins constitute the ten percent of the sweat thrown in this way.
Sweating in the Turkish hammam opens the pores of the skin. Therefore it is frequently used in the treatment of cellulite.
In addition, this method is good for arthritis and many other diseases. It speeds up the heart beat and blood circulation and so the organism is cleared.
To go to the hammam can be risky for the cardiac patients and the people with blood pressure problems. These people should consult a doctor before going to the hammam.
There are number of bath accessories that specific to the Turkish bath and are still used in. The bath gloves that made of palm root and the Turkish work of pestemals are the most indispensables of them. Also the pumice stone which, used to rub the feet is always available in the hammam package. Inlaid copper, silver or brass bath bowl is one of the most beautiful examples of handwork.
Henna and kohl are the natural beauty supplies that used by women for centuries in the hammam or at home. Nowadays, the disused bathroom accessories are the old soap boxes (kildanlik) and inlaid silver bath clogs.

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