Is one of the  four fathers of the Greek Orthodox Church. He was born in Caesrea and being the son of a wealthy family after extensive travels be gave away his possessions to the poor and devoted himself to founding Cenobitic, Communities,  according to an austere rule which he drew up. The  most celebrated event in this life was his contest with  the  Arian Emperor Valens(364-375). In addition to his work as a theologian, Basil was known for his care of the poor and underprivileged. Basil established guidelines for monastic life which focus on community life, liturgical prayer, and manual labour. Together with Pachomius he is remembered as a father of communal monasticism in Eastern Christianity. He is considered a saint by the traditions of both Eastern and Western Christianity.

Basil, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Gregory of Nyssa are collectively referred to as the Cappadocian Fathers. The Eastern Orthodox Church and Eastern Catholic Churches have given him, together with Gregory of Nazianzus and John Chrysostom, the title of Great Hierarch. His is recognised as a Doctor of the Church in both Eastern Orthodoxy and in the Roman Catholic Church. He is sometimes referred to by the epithet, “revealer of heavenly mysteries”

 

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