Esrefoglu Süleyman Bey Mosque, Beysehir-Konya

The Esrefoglu Süleyman Bey mosque was built in 1297. It is one of the few remaining wooden mosques that dates from the Seljuk period. Right in the center of Beysehir, from the street one sees a flat-roofed stone façade. Once inside the entrance, however, the stone walls give way to a forest of fifty wooden…

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Caca Bey Mosque, Kirsehir

The Cacabey Madrasa was commissioned by the governor Nureddin Cibril bin Caca Bey in 1272, under the reign of Seljuk Sultan Giyaseddin Keyhusrev III (Ghiyath al-Din Kaykhusraw III). Its architect is unknown. Built as a madrasa and used as an observatory, the building, which has undergone several renovations, now serves as a mosque. The plan…

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Alaeddin Mosque, Konya

Completed in 1220, the Alaeddin Camii is the oldest known Seljuk mosque in Turkey. It is built into the hill that forms the citadel of Konya; its pointed arch and round domes atop two tombs are prominent features in Konya’s cityscape. With the exception of Izzeddin Keykavus, all of the Seljuk sultans after 1156 are…

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Ulu Mosque, Van

The remnants of the Great Mosque of Van — the lower half of a minaret and foundation walls — are often dated to Seljuk rule in the twelfth century. Art historian Aslanapa, who excavated the site in 1970-72, proposes a later construction date during the first rule of  (1389-1400) based on a historical analysis of…

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Ulu Mosque, Diyarbakir

The Great Mosque of Diyarbakir is the oldest and one of the most significant mosques in Anatolia. Following the Muslim capture of Diyarbakir in 639, a church in the city was used in part as a mosque. The church was eventually fully converted to a mosque, but the building fell into disuse and ruin. In…

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Silvan Ulu Mosque, Diyarbakir

The Great Mosque in Silvan is rectangular in plan, more than twice as wide as it is deep. A central dome surmounts three of the four aisles; the fourth aisle, to the north, is largely a poor reconstruction completed in 1913, and most likely once opened up into a courtyard on the north (which no…

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Ramazanoglu Mosque, Adana

Ramazanoglu Mosque is known as the greatest work of Turkish Ramazan Emirate (Ramazanogullari), who ruled from 1378 to 1608 on the southeast coast of Anatolia, based in Adana. It was commissioned by  in 1513 and was completed by his son, Piri Mehmed Pasa in 1541, based on inscriptions on the two portals of the mosque….

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Isa Bey Mosque, Selcuk – Izmir

Isa Bey Mosque is one of the most important works of the Turkish Aydin Emirate (Aydinogullari) who ruled in western Anatolia from 1308 to 1426. It was built in 1374 (776 A.H.) by Aydinoglu Isa Bey (1360-1390) in his administrative capital of Selçuk, near Ephesus. It is the second example of the twin-minaret mosques in…

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Ibni Neccar Mosque, Kastamonu

Ibni Neccar Mosque is the oldest mosque remaining from the Turkish Candar Emirate (Candarogullari or Isfandiyar Ogullari ), who ruled the western Black Sea Coast from 1292 to 1462. It is located to the east of the city of Kastamonu, below the castle. According to an inscription to the right of entry facade, the mosque…

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Ulu Mosque, Manisa

Constructed in 1366-67 (768 A.H.), the Great Mosque of Manisa stands on the northern skirts of the Sipil Mountain, overlooking the city of Manisa. The complex was commissioned by Ishak Çelebi (1357-1388) of the Turkish Saruhan Emirate (Saruhanogullari), who ruled in Western Anatolia from 1313 to 1410 prior to Ottoman annexation. The architect is not…

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