The Remorse of Judas

When the chief priests refused to take back the thirty pieces of silver Judas threw the Money down  in the temple. He is seen standing or kneeling before caiaphas the high priest and other elders. He holds out the Money or is in the act of throwing it down caiaphas signifies his refusal with a…

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Judas Iscariot

One of the twelve apostles, he who  betrayed Christ to the jewish Chief priests and lders for thirty pieces of siver. His action was foretold by Christ at the last  supper, later, overcome wiith remorse and spurned by the prisests to whom he tried to return the momey he hanged himself. Judas also features in…

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Church of Decoration

Art in the Church may be divided into three large catagories the permanet decoration of the walls and vaults in fresco or mosaic icons which could be either mobile or permanetly attached to the  templon end the portable vessels, vestments, books and reliquaries used in Church ritual. Because no byzantine Church survives  in its medievalstate,…

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Byzantine Society and Civilization

The period from  843 to 1261 was an important on efor the byzantine Empire. At the  outset the empire began a gradual recovery from the seventh century Arab conquests in the east teh the destructive invasion of the  germanic  tribes  in the  West,  and the  incursions of numerous slavic tribes in Balkans  from the middle…

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The rite of initiation into the christian Church by immersion or sprinkling  with water. It was in regarded historically both as an act of purification and also of rebirth in which the font  was the symbol of the immaculate womb  of the virgin from  which the initiate born again. Christ  was baptized in the river…

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The  faith of the early Christians living under  persecution was sustained by the expectation of Chirsts  imminent second coming  this found literary  expression in the  revelation  of John written at the  end of the  first cent A.D.  an  allegory foretelling  the destruction  of the wicked, the overthrow of satan and the  establishment of Chirsts  kingdom…

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Adoration of the Shepherds

The announcement  to the shephends  in the fields of the  birth of the messiah by the angel traditionally gabriel is represented in byzantine art but the scene of  the adoration is not found  until the end of the  15th century. The  shepherds are  grouped round the infant  in reverential attitudes  they have doffed their hats…

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Adoration of the Magi (Adoration of the Kings)

The magi had come from the east, following a star to seek  the king of the jews and were directed by herod’s  officialsto go to  bethlehem. Herod told them to report  back  to him ostensibly that he might them pay homage himself  but really  because he feared  usurpation. Historically the magi were astrologers of the…

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