Caspian Tern – Sterna Caspia

Sterna Caspia is one of the most widespread tern species in the world, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. It is white with a light gray mantle and white undersides. The breast and face are also white. The legs and eyes are black, and the bill is large, heavy, and bright red-orange. It has a…

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Mew Gull – Larus Canus

Larus Canus has typical gull-like plumage–slate-gray back and wings, a white head, tail, and body, and black wingtips with white spots. The beak and legs are yellow. In breeding plumage, the Mew Gull has a clean white head, a dark eye, and a solid yellow bill without markings. In non-breeding plumage, its head is smudged…

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Collared Pratincole – Glareola Pratincola

Glareola Pratincola above brown, tinged olive, with white rump. Long wingtipes and deeply forked tail black. Throat ochre yellow, bordered narrowly with black. Breast brown shading to white belly. Underwing coverts and axillaries deep rich chestnut, narrow but red with black tip, legs blackish. Races separated on small color differences, African birds smaller and darker,…

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Northern Lapwing – Vanellus Vanellus

Vanellus Vanellus is metallic glossy green upperparts, blackish crest and bronze scapulars, very broad wings, especially in breeding males. Female has lees distinctive head pattern and white flecks on throat. Non breeding adult has buff face, and white chin and throat. Juvenile similar to non breeding akult, but has more extensive buff feather fringes and…

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Eurasian Golden Plover – Pluvialis Apricaria

Pluvialis Apricaria, with underwing white, as opposed to brownish grey, also differs in shape and plumage color. Wings equal in length to tail or slightly longer. Female less extensively black, with some brown markings below. Non-breeding adult lacks black on face and underparts. upperparts less distinctly spotted with yellow, can turn greyish. Juvenile as non-breeding…

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Pied Avocet – Recurvirostra Avosetta

Recurvirostra Avosetta, mainly white with black forehead, crown to below eyes, nape and upper hindneck. At rest, shows three distinctive black bands on mantle and scapulars, lesser and median upperwing coverts, and outer 6 primaries, bill black and strongly upcurved, long legs, blue grey. Female tends to have shorter, more strongly curved bill. No seasonal…

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Common Oystercatcher – Haematopus Ostralegus

Common Oystercatcheris a widespread but patchily distributed breeder across much of Europe (especially the north-west), which constitutes more than half of its global breeding range. Its European breeding population is large (300,000 pairs), and increased substantially between 1970-1990. Although most populations were stable or increased during 1990-2000, the species declined in the Netherlands, and underwent…

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Eurasian Thick-Knee – Burhinus Oedicnemus

Eurasian Thick-Kneeis a widespread but patchily distributed breeder in much of the southern half of Europe, which accounts for less than half of its global breeding range. Its European breeding population is relatively small (78,000 pairs), and underwent a large decline between 1970-1990. Although some populations were stable or increased during 1990-2000, the species continued…

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Ruff – Philomachus Pugnax

Philomachus Pugnax  are highly distinctive in breeding plumage, although that is not generally the plumage that we see when this Eurasian shore bird visits Washington. The adult male varies in color from dark rufous to light brown with considerable white. It has a thick mane of long feathers around its neck and thick head-feathers that…

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Dunlin – Calidris Alpina

Calidris Alpina is distinctive in breeding plumage, with a black belly-patch extending behind its black legs. Its head and breast are light-colored, and its back is bright rufous. In non-breeding plumage it is drab gray with a brownish head and breast. In flight it has white underwings, a white line down the middle of the…

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