Ardeola Ralloides has overall dark buff or pale brown plumage. Its greyish bill becomes turquoise blue in breeding season. Legs are orange. It has outstanding head with many brown and white feathers. In flight, it seems very different, with dominant white colour.

Squacco Heronis a widespread but patchily distributed summer visitor to much of southern Europe, which accounts for less than a quarter of its global breeding range. Its European breeding population is relatively small (27,000 pairs), and underwent a large decline between 1970-1990. Although most populations-notably sizeable ones in Romania and Azerbaijan-were stable or increased during 1990-2000, other significant populations in Turkey and Russia declined, and the species underwent a moderate decline (10%) overall.
This small heron inhabits the swamps of south-western Eurasia, from the Iberian Peninsula to Kazahkstan, and a large part of Africa. European populations winter in Sub-Saharan Africa. The total population of the European Union amounted to about 1600 breeding pairs in 1995, and seemed to decline in most countries

Breeds in dense reed-beds of fresh and brackish water-bodies or flooded bushes of river-valleys. Ardeola ralloides always joins other Ciconiiformes colonies, ocupying the outer ranges of them.

Arrival – April-early May (usually between 13 April – 2 May). Breeding starts in mid June, sometimes late May. Hatching is in early July. Autumn migration starts early – from late August to mid September. Some birds may stay till the end of September. Breeds always colonially, together with larger herons and Glossy Ibis. Due to late breeding, this heron has to settle on the periphery of the colonies, thus increasing the risk of predation. Clutch size varies from 3 to 5 eggs, breeding success depends upon the disturbance level nearby. If not disturbed, birds usually breed successfully. The heron preys in open or slightly vegetated shallow water-bodies, watching mobile and searching for immobile food items. Its diet consists mostly of molluscs, insects and their larvae, small copepods, spiders and leeches. A rare visitor to farmland and garden-plots in the river valleys, where it may prey upon invertebrates after rains.

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