Great Spotted Cuckoo Length: 37-40 cm (Maclean, 1985) The top of the head and crest are pale, silvery gray and blend gradually into pale grayish or olive brown on the back and wings. The wings are long and wide at the base. The dorsal surface has a spotted appearance due to white tipped wing coverts and back feathers. The long tail feathers are a dark gray, broadly tipped with white. The primaries are a dark, olive-brown and have a metallic luster. The throat, neck, and underparts are a creamy-white (Rowan, 1983). The bill is a dark bluish-gray to black and is paler on the basal half of the lower mandible. It is wide at the base and has slit-like nostrils. The iris is colored brown and is encircled with a bright, red eye-ring. The legs and toes are tinted leaden gray.

During the early summer, male and female C. glandarius can be seen flying and foraging together, often chasing each other and frequently exchanging calls. These calls consist of a chattering sound proceeded by a rolling noise (Cramp, 1985). Their calling wanes during the breeding season which, over most of their range, is restricted to the four months, October through January (Rowan, 1983). Breeding peaks in October in Zimbabwe, November/December in Natal, and not until February in Namibia. The male usually arrives first at the breeding grounds. The birds regularly form pairs and are usually monogamous; however, in occasional instances various males have selected the same female. Monogamous pairs in captivity form a pair-bond and accompany each other constantly.

The Great Spotted Cuckoo extend throughout Southern Europe and Africa. They are distributed through east Africa to Somalia, Sudan and Senegal, Mediterranean Africa, Asia Minor and Turkey.

The natural habitat of the Great Spotted Cuckoo is woodland or savanna. They are usually observed in semi-arid areas, rocky hillsides, dry cultivation (Middle East), or among scattered trees in open country (Turkey).

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