The Gyps Fulvus immediately betrays itself by its size (L 100 cm) and characteristic pale colours, contrasting with dark colours of wings and tail. The species normally breeds colonially on cliffs (rarely in trees) mainly in mountainous regions. They inhabit a wide variety of open areas with few or no trees, where they feeds mainly in carrion. Resident.

Eurasian Griffonis a widespread but patchily distributed resident in southern Europe, which accounts for less than half of its global range. Its European breeding population is relatively small (21,000 pairs), but increased substantially between 1970-1990. Although the species continued to decline in Turkey and the Caucasus during 1990- 2000, most other populations including the Spanish stronghold-increased or were stable, and the species underwent a large increase overall.
This vulture inhabits southern Europe, North Africa and from south-western Asia to southern China. Most European birds are sedentary. The population of the European Union amounts to 8800-9000 breeding pairs. Because of heavy persecution and poisoning it has strongly declined since the middle of last century. More recently changes in the methods of raising domestic livestock have reduced the availability of the Griffon Vulture’s food. Since 1970 however Spanish and French populations have increased, mainly thanks to effective protection measures and withdrawal of long-lasting pesticides. In France its breeding distribution has even been extended through a reintroduction programme. In Italy, Portugal and Greece the decline is still in progress.

The largest numbers of Eurasian Griffon Vultures are found in Spain, but there are significant populations in Turkey, Gibraltar, and Bosphorus. They favor the more southern parts of their range, and can tolerate inclement weather such as rain, mist, and snow fairly well. Though they avoid wetlands and marine areas, they are very fond of fresh and running water, for bathing and drinking.

Griffons pair for life. They build nests of grass and twigs on cliff ledges. Mating takes place on the same steep cliff faces where the birds construct their nests, and the female lays one or two eggs 2 months after mating. Both parents tend the egg. Model parents, the griffons incubate their eggs by night, and shade them by day, as the temperature rises. Incubation lasts from 48 to 52 days. The young remain in the nest for 4 to 6 months. They can live upto 40 years. The griffon vulture is not teritorial and nests of several pairs can usually be found on nesting grounds.

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