Pyrrhula Pyrrhula is a bulky bull-headed bird. Male has grey mantle. Rump is white, contrasting with blackish tail. Wings are blackish with only one pale wing bar. Underparts are pink-red, with white vent. Head has black crown, nape, lores and chin. Cheeks and throat are pink-red. Eyes are black. Crown is bluish-black with glossy feathers. Short, conical low-based bill is blackish. Legs and feet ate pinkish-brown. Female has grey-brown underparts and mantle, this one slightly darker than underparts. Juvenile resembles adult female, but it lacks black on crown and around the bill. It has buff-brown wing bar.

Eurasian Bullfinchis a widespread breeder across much of Europe, which accounts for less than half of its global breeding range. Its European breeding population is very large (7,300,000 pairs), and was stable between 1970-1990. Although there were declines in a few countries-notably France-during 1990-2000, the key population in Russia was stable, and trends were stable or increasing across most of Turkey.

European Bullfinch lives in woodlands, coniferous and deciduous, with dense undergrowth. It is also found in orchards, parks and gardens.

European Bullfinch’s nest is built on a tree branch, or in a bush or thicket. Nest is located at about 4 to 7 feet above the ground. It is a loose structure built by female. It is made with moss, twigs and lichens, and lined with hair, moss and roots. Female lays 4 to 6 pale blue eggs, mottled with red-brown. Incubation lasts about 12 to 14 days, by female helped and fed by male. Chicks are fed with a mixture of insects and seeds, brought at nest by the male. Later, both parents collect food for the young. Young fledge at about 16 to 18 days. This species produces two or three broods per season, from early May to mid-July.

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