Neophron Percnopterus are small vulture with uique plumage, resembling Ciconia ciconia, marked contrast, especially underparts, between overall white coloration and black flight feathers, bare yellow face, short, wedge shaped tail, legs greyish white, pink or pale yellow. Juvenile all dark, particularly on unfrtpsrtd. Race ginginianus sligtly smaller, with whole bill yellow.

Egyptian Vultureis a widespread but patchily distributed breeder in southern Europe, which accounts for less than half of its global breeding range. Its European breeding population is small (as few as 3,500 pairs), and declined substantially between 1970-1990. The species continued to decline in most countries-including its key populations in Spain and Turkey-during 1990-2000, and underwent a large decline overall. On top of earlier declines, this equates to a very large decline (50%) over three generations. This species is endangered.
This vulture is widely distributed in southern Europe, Turkey, from south-western Asia to India and Mongolia, and in the northern half of Africa. The birds of Spain, the Balearic islands and the Canary islands are partly sedentary, but all other populations winter in Africa, mainly in the Sahel region. About 1600-1770 breeding pairs inhabit the European Union. This population is declining since the beginning of the century, and is still declining in many regions. Direct persecution and poisoning are the most important threats to this species.

This species of vulture is a very adaptable, inhabiting various habitat types, and slowly estblishing territories closer and closer to humans. These birds can often be seen feeding around garbage dumps. Among the natural habitats favored by the Egyptian vulture are plains, wetlands, uplands, and mountains. They are found ranging through southern Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and India.

Males and females are alike in plumage, but females are usually slightly larger than their mate. Beautiful breeding displays are performed by the both sexes. They fly high into the air and dive back down, grasping claws on the way.
They prefer to nest on rocky ledges and in cliffs, preferring well-sheltered areas with many cavities, as the birds are colonial nesters. They lay 1 to 3 eggs, which they incubate for 42 days. They have the ability to lay a new egg if one is destroyed or taken before hatching. Young fledge at about 3 months of age. Juvenile plumage is brown, strikingly different from the pure white adults

Egyptian Vulture migratory in N of range; sedentary in Arabia, sub-Saharan Africa, Balearic Is and Canary Is; mainly sedentary in Indian Subcontinent, but locally migratory in some regions. Present in N breeding areas mainly Mar-Sept; winter sightings very rare, although species winters in small numbers in Coto Donana (SW Spain). Most migrants cross to Africa at Gibraltar, Suez and Bab al Mandab also important; nowadays, species winters only N equator; some juveniles remain in Africa throughout second year.

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