Turkey provides a wide range of natural habitat for numerous bird species. Partridges constitute an important part of the native birds of Turkey. There are five native partridge species in Turkey, which are chukar partridge, rock partridge, grey partridge, see-see partridge and Caspian snowcock. In recent years, intensive rearing and releasing of gamebirds has become popular in Turkey and rock partridges are an important component to this activity. Breeding units for the species are widespread in many parts of the country. There are also some breeding units for rock partridges that are supported by the National Ministry of the Forest. The units produce and release partridges to bolster the wild population, but also to provide birds for hunting and tourism. In this paper the geographical distribution, characteristics and contemporary state of the native partridges of Turkey is presented.

Chukar partridge are found throughout the entire Anatolia region where they inhabit the more arid slopes and valleys and feed mainly on seeds, grasses, weeds, and to a lesser extent, insects. t is frequently encountered in small flocks of between 30 and 50 individuals, but sometimes up to 100 partridges. In winter, chukar partridges move down to lower valleys, returning to the mountains in spring. The Chukar is a rotund 32–35 cm (13–14 in) long partridge, with a light brown back, grey breast, and buff belly. The shades vary across the various populations. The face is white with a black gorget. It has rufous-streaked flanks, red legs and coral red bill. Sexes are similar, the female slightly smaller in size and lacking the spur. The tail has 14 feathers, the third primary is the longest while the first is level with the fifth and sixth primaries. Intensive hunting and agricultural intensification (use of pesticides and the planting of monocultures) have resulted in habitat destruction or alteration for all bird species of the steppe areas. Therefore, the numbers of partridges of all species have greatly decreased over the last 20 years. However, some attempts to address this are being made in Turkey by organisations, such as private breeding units, universities and the National Ministry of the Forest. The National Ministry of the Forest is undertaking surveys to determine population sizes of all bird species and is constructing research and migration watch stations. It is also establishing Conservation Regions in various parts of Turkey. International projects are being undertaken to preserve and develop native bird species in Turkey in their natural habitat. Strict regulations and penalties for hunting have been implemented by the Turkish Government. Important habitats have been constituted as protected areas by the Ministries of the Forest and Environment.

We Recommend  : Kairos Travel  |  Unlu Hotel | Captivating Cappadocia
Did you like this? Share it: