Turkish handwoven rugs are works of art which continue a tradition that developed over thousands of years. Women were the primary weavers, and archeological evidence has shown that weavers were apart of Turkish society as far back as 7000 BC. Initially rugs were woven out of wool. Around 550 BC, silkworms were brought into current-day Turkey by two Byzantine priests. After that time, many rugs were made of silk.

Rugs were used by nomads and city dwellers as blankets, wall coverings, doorway hangings and floor rugs. The most important function of a Turkish rug is as a prayer rug on which Muslims kneel and pray daily. Each rug is a work of art that expresses something personal about the weaver. Usually, each rug has a border all the way around it. The middle is traditionally made up of a pattern of geometric shapes. Each geometric pattern is a symbol and each color that is woven into the rug has significance.

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