Where turkish National Anthem is known as the “Star Spangled Banner”, , or The March of Independence. The “Istiklal Marsi” was officially adopted as Turkey’s National Anthem on March 12, 1921 (although the official music wasn’t adopted until 1932). A total of 724 poems were submitted to a competition organized to find and select the most suitable original composition, and a poem written by the poet Mehmet Akif Ersoy was adopted unanimously by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. There are ten verses to Ersoy’s poem, which reflects the national spirit of the days of the Turkish struggle for independence, but only the first two are sung as the national anthem.

Twenty-four composers participated in another competition arranged for the selection of a musical composition for the National Anthem. The Council, which was only able to convene in 1924, due to the War of Independence adopted the music composed by Ali Rifat Cagatay. The words of the National Anthem were sung to this music for eight years. Thereafter, the music of the National Anthem was changed to an arrangement written by Zeki Ungor, conductor of the Presidential Symphonic Orchestra, and the words of the National Anthem have been sung to this musical accompaniment ever since.

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